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The Assassination of President John F. Kennedy happened only a year after the Cuban Missile Crisis. Racial tensions were high. The nightly news regularly featured scenes of marchers being attacked by police dogs and Ku Klux Klan members burning crosses on the grounds of Black churches. The Civil Rights Movement was highlighted by the “March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom,” on August 28, 1963, attended by 250,000 people.  This march was the culmination of dozens of demonstrations that occurred across the country. A march in Birmingham Alabama resulted in the arrest and jailing of Martin Luther King Jr. His famous “Letter from a Birmingham City Jail,” advocated civil disobedience against unjust laws. President Kennedy spoke to the nation on the importance of Civil Rights on June 12, 1963. He told his TV audience that Alabama National Guardsmen were required on the campus of the University of Alabama to carry out the final order of the US District Court to allow the admission of  two  qualified  residents  “who happened to be Negro.” Four hours after his speech, Medgar Evers, who had just returned from an NAACP meeting, was killed on the front porch of his house by a white supremacist. In spite of these troubles in the South, it was an important area of the country for the upcoming election. The President was scheduled to travel to Texas with Vice President Johnson and their wives. In a conversation with his friend Ben Bradlee, shortly before the Texas trip, Jack told him he was ambivalent about his trip to Dallas. Adlai Stevenson had been spat at, heckled and jeered while giving a speech. He felt that the ‘mood of the city was ugly.’ And indeed it was. He was assassinated while riding in a parade through the streets of Dallas. Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested within hours and three days later he was shot by Jack Ruby. The country and the world was in a state of shock.